Power Systems 102

Protection Considerations & Communications

June 14-17, 2021 | Cincinnati, OH

Training Curriculum

Power Systems 102 is an intense four (4) day course, eight (8) hours per day, which covers the following curriculum:

Power Systems Overview

  • What is a Power System
  • Grid Component Relationships
  • System Stability Considerations

Generator Theory

  • Generator Types
  • AC & DC Current
  • Right Hand Rule & Establishing a Field
  • Establishing Voltage, Current & Frequency
  • Stator, Rotor & Synchronous Machines

Generator Protection 

  • Unit One Line Diagram
  • Device Codes
  • Protection Elements
  • Tripping Modes

Generator Protection Upgrade

  • Before Protection
  • After Upgrade Protection
  • Sample Drawings Review

Capacitor Bank Fundamentals 

  • Understanding VARs
  • Capacitor Bank Function in a Power System
  • Capacitor Bank Types, Configurations & Designs
  • Power Factor Correction Calculation
  • Protection of a Capacitor Bank
  • Example Applications

Reactor Bank Fundamentals 

  • Reactor Banks in a Power System
  • Distribution Applications
  • Transmission Applications

Underfrequency Fundamentals 

  • Power and Load Balanced with Speed
  • Underfrequency Protection Function
  • Power System Dynamic when Generation doesn’t equal load
  • NERC & its role
  • Accomplishing underfrequency load shedding
  • Historic Examples
  • Introduction of Synchrophasor Technology

DC Systems

  • History & Theory of Batteries
  • DC Systems Overview
  • Batter & Charger Sizing
  • Types of Batteries
  • PPE for Battery Work
  • DC Systems Installation Examples

Distribution Systems

  • Utility Distributions Systems Overview
  • Substation Equipment
  • Substation Layouts for Reliability or Cost
  • Distribution Protection
  • IEEE C37.230-2007
  • Coordinating Protection
  • Reclosing
  • Distribution Automation & “Smart Grid”

Overview of Electric Utility Communication Systems

  • Communication Needs – Then and Now
  • Enterprise vs Mission Critical (IT vs OT) Applications
  • Media Types
  • Fiber and Wireless Communications
  • Leased Services

Power Line Carrier Systems

  • Power Line Carrier System View & Components
  • Common Applications
  • Performance Considerations – IEEE 643-2004
  • Design Considerations
  • Exercise in System Performance
  • Performance – Beyond the Design

SCADA Systems

  • SCADA Background & Histroy
  • SCADA System Functional Component Overview
  • Connecting the RTU to the SCADA Master
  • Field Sensors & Non-Traditional Applications
  • Common Protocols
  • Regulatory Influences

Fiber Systems – OSP & ISP

  • What it takes to design a  successful Fiber Network
  • Outside Plant Considerations
  • Inside Plant Considerations


Register for $995 Seminar + Printed Book

The pricing includes all instruction, a flash drive with e-copy of the curriculum, breakfast and snacks each day of the seminar, and evening social events. A printed book of the curriculum can be purchased for an additional $100 per person. Seating is limited..

Training Location:
CE Power
4040 Rev Drive
Cincinnati, OH 45232

Training Location Driving Directions

Hotel Location:
Courtyard Cincinnati Midtown Rookwood
3813 Edwards Road
Cincinnati, OH 45209

Hotel Driving Directions

Book Your Room

OR call 1-800-533-0619 and reference the group name “Qualus”

Book by May 30, 2021 for $129 per night discounted room rate.

Sessions 8 a.m. – 5 p.m.

Contact Information
321-244-0170 x-348

Power Systems 102 - Cincinnati, OH : Register for $895

Power Systems 102 - Cincinnati, OH : Register for $995

Who should attend the PGE Power Systems Seminars?

  • Electric Power Utility Engineers
  • Relay Technicians
  • Test Engineers
  • University Power System Educators
  • Protection & Control Engineers
  • Engineers Seeking CEHs & Graduate Students

What are the benefits of attending?

  • Learn from subject matter experts
  • Small class sizes of up to 50 attendees allows for dynamic classroom discussion
  • Network with other industry professionals
  • Discounted guest room rates at host hotels
  • Course registration fees include electronic curriculum, breakfast, snacks, andevening social activities
  • Earn CEH credits to maintain your PE license or earn CTDs for NETA Certification.

CEH Credits

The Power Systems Seminars have been approved by the Florida Board of Professional Engineers for continuing education hours. Power Systems 101, 102, and 103 have been approved for 32 continuing education hours; Power Systems 104 has been approved for 24. For attendees seeking PE credits for other states, please check your state’s CEH regulations.


The Power Systems 101, 102, and 103 courses are eligible for 32 NETA Continuing Technical Development Credits (CTDs) and Power Systems 104 is eligible for 24 NETA Continuing Technical Development Credits (CTDs). NETA Certified Technicians (Level III and Level IV) are required to earn a minimum of 48 CTDs every three years to maintain their certification. For more information about the CTD program and requirements, please contact the NETA office at or 888-300-6382.

Request more information about any of our seminars.

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