Power Systems 101

Relay Philosophies

May 24-27, 2021 | Lake Mary, FL

Training Curriculum

Power Systems 101 is an intense four (4) day course, eight (8) hours per day, which covers the following curriculum. Participants who complete the course will earn 32 Credit Hours:

Substation Layouts & Protection Zone Diagrams

  • Transmission System Overview
  • Types of Generation
  • What is a Fault?
  • Substation Layouts
  • Protection Zone Diagrams

Functional Diagram Exercise

  • Hands-on Functional Diagram
  • Line Protection
  • Bus Protection
  • Transformer Protection
  • Breaker Failure
  • Lockouts

Current Transformers

  • CT Basics
  • Ratios
  • CT Classes T&C
  • CT Ratings
  • Saturation Current and Curves
  • Equivalent Circuits
  • CT Testing
  • IEEE Standards

Breaker Control

  • Mechanical Operation
  • Trip circuits
  • Close Circuits
  • Anti-Pump Circuits
  • Reclosing
  • Specifications and Ratings
  • Alarms
  • IEEE Standards


  • Bus Differentials
  • KCL Theory
  • Differential CT Circuits
  • Calculating Current in Differential Circuits
  • Mismatches CTs
  • Rolled CTs
  • CT Polarity
  • High Impedance Differential Application
  • IEEE Standards

Transformer Protection 

  • Transformer Theory
  • Equivalent Circuit
  • Types of Transformers
  • Transformer Losses
  • Transformer Ratings
  • Tap Changes
  • IEEE Standards

Line Protection

  • Physical Characteristics of Transmission Lines
  • Mho Circle
  • Theory of Impedance Protection
  • Zones of Protection
  • POTT, PUTT, DCB, & DCUB End-to-End Schemes
  • Reliability and Security
  • IEEE Standards

Breaker Failure

  • Breaker Failure Initiates
  • Current Requirements
  • Breaker Position
  • Critical Clearing Time
  • System Stability
  • Various Breaker Failure Logic Schemes
  • Trip and Lockout Theory
  • IEEE Standards



Register for $995 Seminar + Printed Book

The pricing includes all instruction, a flash drive with e-copy of the curriculum, breakfast and snacks each day of the seminar, and evening social events. A printed book of the curriculum can be purchased for an additional $100 per person. Seating is limited..

Orlando Marriott Lake Mary
1501 International Parkway
Lake Mary, FL 32746

Hotel Driving Directions

Book Your Room
Book by May 3, 2021 for $129 per night discounted room rate.

Sessions 8 a.m. – 5 p.m.

Contact Information
321-244-0170 x-348

Power Systems 101 - Lake Mary, FL: Register for $895

Power Systems 101 - Lake Mary, FL: Register for $995

Who should attend the PGE Power Systems Seminars?

  • Electric Power Utility Engineers
  • Relay Technicians
  • Test Engineers
  • University Power System Educators
  • Protection & Control Engineers
  • Engineers Seeking CEHs & Graduate Students

What are the benefits of attending?

  • Learn from subject matter experts
  • Small class sizes of up to 50 attendees allows for dynamic classroom discussion
  • Network with other industry professionals
  • Discounted guest room rates at host hotels
  • Course registration fees include electronic curriculum, breakfast, snacks, andevening social activities
  • Earn CEH credits to maintain your PE license or earn CTDs for NETA Certification.

CEH Credits

The Power Systems Seminars have been approved by the Florida Board of Professional Engineers for continuing education hours. Power Systems 101, 102, and 103 have been approved for 32 continuing education hours; Power Systems 104 has been approved for 24. For attendees seeking PE credits for other states, please check your state’s CEH regulations.


The Power Systems 101, 102, and 103 courses are eligible for 32 NETA Continuing Technical Development Credits (CTDs) and Power Systems 104 is eligible for 24 NETA Continuing Technical Development Credits (CTDs). NETA Certified Technicians (Level III and Level IV) are required to earn a minimum of 48 CTDs every three years to maintain their certification. For more information about the CTD program and requirements, please contact the NETA office at or 888-300-6382.

Request more information about any of our seminars.

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